Farming & Cow Protection

The Goshala

The Manor’s Dairy Farm and Visitor Centre reintroduces a radical approach to farming in the modern world. It is called a Goshala because it shelters cows (‘go’ is sanskrit for cow). It also shelters oxen and one mature bull. The herd numbers around 50 animals, of whom 12 are milk-giving cows and 12 working oxen. the remainder are either juvenile or retired. Cows bear their first calf and start giving milk at 30 months; oxen start work at 24 months. In winter, when grass stops growing and fields become waterlogged, the herd shelters indoors, where they have plenty of space and access to the open air. In the summer they prefer to be outside day and night.

Find out more about the farm at:

Ox Dependent Working Farm

A unique feature of the farm is its growing reliance on ox power and hand milking. Milk produced on a sustainable and humane farm is better for people and better for the cows. New Gokula provides for the needs of the cows for their whole lives. Although it costs more than modern industrially-produced milk it costs less to the cow and the earth. The economics of Cow Protection is looked at in detail in Cows and The Earth, available from the Manor bookshop.

The new farm buildings, opened in 2010, are made from green oak, larch panelling, some shingle roofs, brick, steel fences and cement floors and walls. Rainwater harvested from the roof is stored in a large irrigation pond and used around the farm and estate. Borehole water is provided for the cows to drink and for washing floor areas. Hot water and room heating are assisted by the use of an air source heat pump and solar panels produce local electricity.